The Meaning of “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah” – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen
The Meaning of The Shahaadah: Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.
Question 13: You explained the meaning of the Shahaadah: La Ilaaha Illallaah. So, what is the meaning of the Shahaadha: Muhammad Rasoolullaah
The Answer: As for the meaning of the testification that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is the Messenger of Allaah [Muhammad Rasoolullaah] then it is the attestation with the tongue and the belief with the heart that Muhammad bin ‘Abdullaah al- Qurashee al-Haashimee is the Messenger of Allaah to all of the creation, to the Jinn and mankind, as stated by Allaah, The Most High:
Verily! I am Allaah’s Messenger to you all. He is the One to whom the Dominion of the heavens and the earth belongs, none has the right to be worshipped but Him; It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allaah and His Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor right, who believes in Allaah and in His Words [this Qur’aan] and follow him so that you may be guided. [Qur’aan, soorat al-A’raaf (7): 158].
Conditions and Meaning of the Shahada
La Illaaha il'Allah
It’s meaning - There is none who has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.
Its pillars are:
The negation phrase “ there is no deity worthy of worship (Laa Ilaaha)
The confirmation phrase “ except Allaah (IllaaAllaah)
The phrase: “there is no deity worthy of worship” negates all other false objects of worship while the phrase “except Allaah” confirms that there is only one true God worthy of worship who has no partners.
The conditions of the Shahaadah (testimony of Faith) are eight:
1. `Ilm (Knowledge): Knowledge of it’s meaning - what is confirmed by it and what is negated by it. As previously stated it was mentioned that the meaning of: “There is none that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah” is that all other objects of worship that mankind set up as partners with Allaah are false.
2. Yaqeen (Certainty): Certainty of it’s meaning, free from doubt or suspicion. This means one must be upon certainty that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.
The First Pillar
Muslim Profession of Faith
The Shahada is the Muslim profession of faith and the first of the ‘Five Pillars’ of Islam. The word shahada in Arabic means ‘testimony.’ The shahada is to testify to two things:
The complete statement of the creed of the Muslim is:
"Ash-shadu anna Laa elaha illa lah. Ash-shadu anna Muhammadar Rasoolulah."
(I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).